Institute for Economic Advancement

Arkansas Employment and Unemployment in September & October

By , November 22, 2013 10:47 AM

This morning’s reports from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Arkansas Department of Workforce Services were mixed, with contradictory signals from the household and payroll reports continuing to confound clear interpretation of the data.  Due to the federal government shutdown in October, release of the September data was postp0ned to coincide with the October release, so we have two months of statistics to consider.

Household report:
The headline statistic was an uptick in the Arkansas unemployment rate in October– to 7.5%.  September’s unemployment rate was unchanged from the previous month at 7.4%.  The October increase coincided with a rise in the national unemployment rate from 7.2% to 7.3%, and can be at least partly attributed to the government shutdown.  Although the BLS has described some ambiguity in the survey results for October, most government workers who were furloughed over the first part of the month appear to have been correctly classified as being temporarily unemployed.

Recent trends in Arkansas employment, unemployment and labor force participation continued over during September and October.  The number of employed declined by more than 2,800 over the two-month period, while the number of unemployed increased by over 1,200.  Accordingly, the Arkansas labor force contracted by approximately 1,600 workers.  As shown in the set of charts below, these trends are alarming.  The household survey data are showing that the number of employed has dropped by over 44,000 since January of 2012, along with a labor force decline of 46,000 over the same period.  The number of unemployed — which had been in decline in 2012 and early 2013 — has increased by 4,500 since April.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)

Payroll Report:
In contrast to the household data, the survey of employers showed positive employment growth in both September (+900) and October (+5000).  Compared to October 2012, the latest payroll employment figure shows a net increase of 10,000 jobs.  This is in sharp contrast to the nearly 30,000 employment decline over the same period in the household survey.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Statistics (CES)

Payroll employment gains were distributed across several service-providing sectors, along with a two-month net increase in manufacturing employment.  Growth in transportation and utilities was particularly robust, accounting for 2,600 jobs.  Employment in retail trade also experienced a strong gain (+1,600).  Overall, payroll employment in October was up more than 40,000 since the employment trough of February 2010, but still approximately 17,000 below pre-recession levels.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Statistics (CES)

The contrast between the trends in the payroll and household surveys is something of a puzzle.  Both are based on survey data, and are subject to both sampling and non-sampling error.  But additional information from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) appears to more consistent with the payroll data than the household data.  So although it is possible that the payroll employment figures will eventually be revised downward, it appears unlikely that they will be revised to show anywhere near the job losses that the household data are showing.

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*Seasonally adjusted data for Arkansas nonfarm payroll employment, reported in a format compatible with the monthly news release from the Arkansas Department of Workforce Services, can be found at the following links:  September and  October.

October Home Sales

By , November 20, 2013 1:16 PM

The residential real estate market is experiencing its typical autumn slowdown, but the notable recovery of home sales in 2013 continues.  New data from the Arkansas Realtors® Association reported another strong month, with October home sales up 13.9% the previous year.   For the year to date, sales are up 12.3% from the 2012 pace.

Source: Arkansas Realtors® Association

As shown in the following chart, September and October have not been as phenomenally strong as the August sales total, even after seasonal adjustment.  Nevertheless, recent monthly totals are well above the plateau that characterized home sales in 2011 and 2012.

Source: Arkansas Realtors® Association; Seasonally adjusted by the Institute for Economic Advancement

At the Arkansas Economic Forecast Conference, we predicted that 2013 sales would end the year 13.8% higher than 2012.  This remains a likely outcome.  Even if sales in the last two months of the year dropped to 2011-2012 levels, this year would still show cumulative double-digit growth.

September Home Sales – Another Strong Month

By , November 1, 2013 1:39 PM

The Arkansas Realtors® Association reported another strong month of home sales:  Total sales in September were up 18.4% compared to a year earlier.  As is typical for September, sales volume was down from the peak summer months, but this was the highest total for September since 2009 when we were approaching the deadline for the first home-buyers’ tax credit.  Not counting 2009, this was the best September sales month since 2006.

Source: Arkansas Realtors® Association

With year-over-year growth rates exceeding 18% in each of the last three months, the third quarter represented a significant break-through in the housing market recovery.  As shown in the chart below, quarterly seasonally adjusted sales have shown a clear upward trend since throughout 2013, showing a particularly large increase in the third quarter.

Source: Arkansas Realtors® Association; Seasonally adjusted by the Institute for Economic Advancement

Home sales represent one of the sectors that has performed atypically during the current recovery.  The housing crash was an important precipitating event of the 2008-09 recession, and housing (particularly home construction) has not played its usual role as a driving force of economic recovery.  The long-awaited pick-up in home sales this year is therefore a positive sign of an improving outlook for the Arkansas economy in general.

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